Pre-Employment Drug Testing: What You Should Know

Pre-Employment Drug Testing: What You Should Know

Pre-employment drug testing is an essential step in the hiring process that should be prioritized by any company. It can aid in reducing the issues associated with substance abuse in the workplace. Employers should state on the application form that any job offer is contingent on a drug test. This will discourage potential substance abusers from applying for jobs.

It Does Not Determine The Current Impairment

Employers may perform pre-employment drug tests to ensure their new hires are fit for the job. However, they should understand that such tests do not determine current impairment. Some drugs, such as opiates (and painkillers), may produce a positive test. In such cases, the hiring manager or medical review officer should review the test results to ensure that the result is accurate.

There are several types of pre-employment drug testing policy. One of the most common tests is urinalysis, which is easy to administer and returns results quickly. Urinalysis can detect traces of drugs even after the effects of the substance have worn off. This can give an employer a complete picture of the applicant’s background. Alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, and PCP can all be detected using this test.

Pre-Employment Drug Testing Is Not a Drug Test

Pre-employment drug testing is a standard part of many companies’ drug-free workplace policies. These tests are routine for workers in specific industries and are protected by federal and state laws. However, there are some concerns about these tests. If you are worried about your job prospects due to pre-employment drug testing, you should know that you can fight the process.

Many myths about employment drug testing are perpetuated by employees and employers. Although it may be convenient to dismiss these tests, they are a vital part of ensuring a safe and productive workplace. One of the most common misconceptions is that drug use has little effect on workplace safety. However, studies have shown that drug and alcohol use contribute to the deterioration of a workplace’s security. In fact, one in six workplace deaths is a result of drug or alcohol use.

It is a Deterrent to Substance Abusers

Pre-employment drug testing is a proven deterrent against substance abusers. It can identify abusers and may even lead to treatment for those who test positive. This drug testing is most effective when it is conducted randomly, paired with comprehensive workplace policies, and a short waiting period before testing takes place. Drug testing can also be used as a follow-up for drug-positive employees to identify potential problems.

In addition to deterring substance abusers, pre-employment drug tests also reduce the cost of hiring and maintaining employees. 

According to the Occupational Health & Safety Administration, substance abusers are responsible for about half of all workplace accidents and up to 50% of workers’ compensation claims. Furthermore, employees who have taken drugs are more likely to file workers’ compensation claims. Again, according to the National Safety Council, drug abusers miss 24.6 days of work each year.

It is Legal

Pre-employment drug testing is legal in most states. It is legal to test employees for drugs or alcohol for reasons related to work or performance. Some states have stricter requirements for when employers may perform drug tests, including posting a notice in the job advertisement. Others may not allow such tests. You can check with your state’s labor department for more information.

In states that have legalized marijuana, the employer must still test candidates for the drug. However, employers must let applicants know about testing before conducting an interview. Furthermore, employers cannot conduct pre-employment drug tests on only certain applicants. The law states that employers cannot choose which applicants to test, and they must treat all applicants equally.

May Result in a Failed Drug Test

A failed drug test can affect a job applicant’s chances of getting hired and their ability to obtain employment. A positive test may lead to a job revocation, rehiring conditions, or the termination of the job offer. Sometimes, an employer may require a medical review officer to review a positive test.

If you failed a pre-employment drug test, you could request another trial. Whether or not your employer will re-test you will depend on the job, the position, and the government regulations. However, if you are a strong candidate, you can explain your situation and request a re-test.

While employer-mandated drug tests are not illegal, they may violate an employee’s constitutional rights. Federal employees have the right to a second drug test. This right isn’t required, but it is a valuable option for employers to consider in their drug-testing policy. However, the employer may take disciplinary action if your employee fails the test again after receiving treatment.